Tag Archives: 1916

Germany and the Gas Mantle

From letters page of the Daily Express, 29th February, 1916

To the Editor of the Daily Express

Sir.—Mr. Arnold White’s criticism of our lack of method and foresight can be multiplied many times over. He speaks of wolfram. This is found in Cornwall, and yet the deposits are only worked in a half-hearted manner.

An important case which might have been mentioned by Mr. Arnold White is the question of thorium supplies, on which the manufacture of incandescent gas mantle, depends. Thorium is obtained chiefly from the monazite-baring sands of Brazil, which contain from small quantities to 2 per cent of thorium. This sand went before the war to Germany, as that country has the only plant capable of dealing with it! We now have to purchase thorium, I understand, at ridiculous prices from the United States.

May I ask how Mr. Arnold White obtains his information about china clay? The freight to the Potteries used to be 7s. When was the freight to the Rhine “three shillings lower” – 4s. -?

Hampstead, N.W.

Bus route 80 introduced in 1916 for munition workers

19160701 Bus service for munition workers


Route No. 81, Hounslow & Windsor, is now running on weekdays as well as Sundays. This route connects with the Underground at Hounslow Barracks Station.

Buses every 60 minutes. Throughout Fare 7d.



Route No. 80, Clapham Common & Belmont, will be started on July 3rd. Connects with Underground at Clapham Common. The route is via Tooting Broadway, London Road, Mitcham, Angel Hill, High Street Sutton.

Buses every 30 minutes. Throughout Fare 6d.

Route No. 107A, Clapham Common & Dorking.
An increased service will be run between Clapham Common and Dorking from July 3rd. This route connects with the Undergound at Clapham Common and continues via Tooting Broadway, Merton, North Cheam, Epsom, Ashtead, Box Hill.

Buses every 30 minutes.

To Epsom, 6d. Epsom to Dorking, 6d.
Throughout Fare Epsom to Dorking 1s.

The London General Omnibus Co., Ltd.,
Electric Railway House,
Broadway, Westminster, S.W.

Source: Daily Herald – Saturday 01 July 1916 from the British Newspaper Archive (subscription required)

Adjusted for inflation six pence (6d.) in 1916 is the equivalent of £2.30 in 2016.

1916 Evading Military Service

EVADING MILITARY SERVICE Before Messrs. W. (in the chair) and J. M. H. Francis, at the Kingston County Bench on Wednesday.

Joseph Carey (19), flower seller. Queen’s-road, Mitcham, was charged with being absentee under the Military Service Act.

—P.S. Nash said he found prisoner working in field at Field Common Farm, Horsham, and subsequently ascertained he ought to have reported himself under the Military Service Act at Wimbledon on July 3rd.

—Capt. Wyatt said that inquiries at Wimbledon and Mitcham had failed to trace the man, and, but for the police finding him working in a field, the military might not have heard of him.

—Fined £2, and handed over to an escort.

Source: Surrey Advertiser – Saturday 16 September 1916 from the British Newspaper Archive (subscription required)

1916 Vicar and Deserter

Daily Mirror 19160606 Vicar and Deserter

The Rev. Donald McDonald, who found an alleged deserter in his mission hall at Mitcham. The man is said to have challenged the vicar to put him out, so Mr. McDonald adopted a ruse in which the dog figured, and locked him in the building.

Source: Daily Mirror – Thursday 06 January 1916 from the British Newspaper Archive (subscription required)

1916 publican fined for selling beer after 8pm

For allowing beer taken away after 8 o’clock Sunday evening, a Mitcham publican named Edwin Newman has been fined £10 by the Croydon magistrates under the new Order. The woman who bought it was fined 5s., having acted in the belief that she could be with beer in jug till 8.30, as on weekdays.

Source: Lichfield Mercury – Friday 14 January 1916 from the British Newspaper Archive (subscription required)

Supper Beer —
Publican fined £10 .

—Edwin Newman, licensee of the ” Three Kings ” public house , Mitcham , was fined £10 at Croydon under the new restriction Order for allowing beer to be taken away from his house after eight o’clock on Sunday evening last. A police officer stated that he stopped a Mrs Robinson when she was leaving the house after the regulation hour with half a pint of “supper beer” . She said she was under the impression that she could fetch it at that hour. When the officer entered the house, he said defendant used sarcastic remarks, and made signs to customers in the bar not-to furnish information. Mrs Robinson was fined 5s. for taking the beer off the premises.

Source: The Scotsman – Monday 10 January 1916 from the British Newspaper Archive (subscription required)